Author Guidelines

Guidelines for Authors

  1. Manuscripts should preferably be written in English.
  2. All manuscripts must be clearly typed with single spacing in A4 papers, (size 210 x 297 mm.).
  3. All manuscripts must include an abstract of approximately 100-150 words.
  4. The manuscript is to be arranged as follows (download and see in detail The Article Template):
    • TITLE,
    • METHODS,

  5. Tables and Figures should be numbered separately and sequentially. Each Table and Figure should be given an informative title. Tables and Figures should be presented in the text. Tables should be arranged in the following format:
    • Tables should be submitted as data - .doc, .rtf, Excel, or PowerPoint file- Tables submitted as image data are not accepted, for they cannot be edited for publication
    • The first letter of each content word in the headings of the Tables should be capitalized typed with single line spacing. A brief Table Heading is preferred. Please do not present the headings in either bold or italic format.
  6. Signs such as ‘%’, ‘&’, etc. should not be used in the text. Instead, you are to use ‘percent’, ‘and' for these signs. Numbers in the text should be presented both in their mathematics forms. Numbers in decimals or in fractions are appropriate to appear in their original form as noted here: 22.3, 5.2, 8/10, and 3½.
  7. All manuscripts that are submitted to the journal are reviewed initially by the editors. If the article has a sufficient and appropriate research focus, it will then enter the review process. The journal has a double-blind review policy.
  8. Editors will reject the article in the Preliminary Review stage and do not serve correspondence related to the article review process if they find the following:
    • The article does not conform to the IRJBS template and style,
    • The submitted article does not include a statement of originality of the work stated in the Copyright Transfer Agreement for Publishing (CTAP) Form (CTA must be uploaded as a supplementary file at the time of submitting the article),
    • Articles have similarities up to more than 20% based on Turnitin's Plagiarism Checker,
    • Articles are submitted to other journals in parallel or simultaneously.
  9. Manuscripts are critically evaluated by at least 2 reviewers. Acceptable manuscripts are usually returned to the author for consideration of comments and criticism.
  10. The Author should provide data including work and research experiences, current affiliation, and educational background. The address, e-mail address, and telephone number of the author should be clearly indicated.
  11. Manuscript (soft copy) should be submitted to the OJS (Open Journal System) of IRJBS by the following steps:
    • Register and login as an Author and start a new submission, via this link  
      Note: there are 5 steps that must be followed.
    • If you are already registered on the IRJBS website, just log in with your account (as Author) and create New Submission for submitting your paper.
  12. Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published before, except in the form of an abstract or as a part of a published lecture, review, or thesis; that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that its publication has been approved by all the coauthors; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication the authors agree to automatic transfer of copyright to the publisher; and that the manuscript will not be published elsewhere in any language without the consent of the copyright 
  13. IRJBS uses APA style as reference format writing. We also provide you a reference format writing templates available in key reference management packages ENdNote ( References should be published within the last 10 years. 

The style to be used is as follows:

Book with Single Author:
Gore, A. (2006). An inconvenient truth: The planetary emergency of global warming and what we can do about it. Emmaus, PA: Rodale. 
           In-text reference:  (Gore, 2006)

Book with Two Authors:
Michaels, P.J., & Balling, R.C., Jr. (2000). The satanic gases: Clearing the air about global warming. Washington, DC: Cato Institute. 
              In-text reference:  (Michaels & Balling, 2000)

Book with Editor as Author:
Galley. K. E. (Ed.). (2004). Global climate change and wildlife in North America. Bethesda, MD: Wildlife Society.
           In-text reference:  (Galley, 2004)

Brochure or Pamphlet:
New York State Department of Health. (2002). After a sexual assault. [Brochure]. Albany, NY: Author.
           In-text reference:  (New York, 2002)

An Anonymous Book:
Environmental resource handbook. (2001). Millerton, NY: Grey House.
           In-text reference:  (Environmental Resource Handbook, 2001)

Articles in Reference Books (unsigned and signed):
Greenhouse effect. (2005). American heritage science dictionary. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.
Schneider, S.H. (2000). Greenhouse effect. World book encyclopedia (Millenium ed. Vol. 8, pp. 3820382). Chicago, IL: World Book.
          In-text references:  (Greenhouse effect, 2005)
                                        (Schneider, 2000)
Magazine Articles:
Allen, L. (2004, August). Will Tuvalu disappear beneath the sea? Global warming threatens to swamp a small island nation. Smithsonian, 35(5), 44-52.
Begley, S., & Murr, A. (2007, July 2). Which of these is not causing global warming? A sport utility vehicles; B. Rice fields; C. Increased solar output. Newsweek, 150(2), 48-50.
          In-text references:  (Allen, 2004)
                                        (Begley, 2007)

Newspaper Articles (unsigned and signed):
College officials agree to cut greenhouses gases. (2007, June 13). Albany Times Union, p. A4.
Landler, M. (2007, June 2). Bush's Greenhouse Gas Plan Throws Europe Off Guard. New York Times, p. A7.
           In-text references:  ("College Officials", 2007)
                                         (Landler, 2007)

Journal Article with Continous Paging:
Miller-Rushing, A.J., Primack, R. B., Primack, D. & Mukunda, S. (2006). Photographs and herbarium specimens as tools to document phonological changes in response to global warming. American Journal of Botany, 93, 1667-1674.
           In-text reference:  (Miller-Rushing, Primack, Primack, & Mukunda, 2006)

Journal Article when each issue begins with p.1:
Bogdonoff, S., & Rubin, J. (2007). The regional greenhouse gas initiative: Taking action in Maine. Environment, 49(2), 9-16.
           In-text reference:  (Bogdonoff & Rubin, 2007)

Journal Article form a Library Subscription Service Database with a DOI (digital object identifier):
Mora, C., & Maya, M. F. (2006). Effect of the rate of temperature increase of the dynamic method on the heat tolerance of fishes. Journal of Thermal Biology, 31, 337-341.
            In-text reference:  (Mora & Maya, 2006)

The United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2007, May 4). Climate Change. Retrieved From the Environmental Protection Agency website:
            In-text reference:  (United States Environmental, 2007)

Gelspan, R. (2007). The Heat Is Online. Lake Oswego, OR: Green House Network. Retrieved from The Heat IS Online website: 
            In-text reference:  (Geslpan, 2007)

Submission Preparation Checklist
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

Privacy Statement
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Journal Author(s) Rights

In order for IRJBS to publish and disseminate research articles, we need publishing rights (transferred from author(s) to publisher). This is determined by a publishing agreement between the Author(s) and IRJBS. This agreement deals with the transfer or license of the copyright of publishing to IRJBS, while Authors still retain significant rights to use and share their own published articles. IRJBS supports the need for authors to share, disseminate and maximize the impact of their research and these rights, in any databases.

As a journal Author, you have rights for a large range of uses of your article, including use by your employing institute or company. These Author rights can be exercised without the need to obtain specific permission. Authors publishing in IRJBS journals have wide rights to use their works for teaching and scholarly purposes without needing to seek permissionincluding:

  • use for classroom teaching by Author or Author's institution and presentation at a meeting or conference and distributing copies to attendees; 
  • use for internal training by author's company; 
  • distribution to colleagues for their research use; 
  • use in a subsequent compilation of the author's works; 
  • inclusion in a thesis or dissertation; 
  • reuse of portions or extracts from the article in other works (with full acknowledgement of final article); 
  • preparation of derivative works (other than commercial purposes) (with full acknowledgement of final article); 
  • voluntary posting on open web sites operated by author or author’s institution for scholarly purposes, 

(But it should follow the open access license of Creative Common CC-by-SA License).

Authors/Readers/Third Parties can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, as well as remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, but they must give appropriate credit (the name of the creator and attribution parties (authors detail information), a copyright notice, an open access license notice, a disclaimer notice, and a link to the material), provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made (Publisher indicates the modification of the material (if any) and retain an indication of previous modifications.

Authors/Readers/Third Parties can read, print and download, redistribute or republish the article (e.g. display in a repository), translate the article, download for text and data mining purposes, reuse portions or extracts from the article in other works, sell or re-use for commercial purposes, remix, transform, or build upon the material, they must distribute their contributions under the same license as the original Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA).



Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.