Article Metrics

Article abstract view : 232 times
PDF full text: 0 times

Patterns, Determinants and Challenges of Horticulture Diversification in India

Anita Meena, Akshay Meena, Ajay Kumar Meena


This study attempts to analyze the trends and patterns of horticulture diversification in India, the differences between states in diversification toward highvalue crops, and identify the factors influencing horticulture diversification. Total horticulture crops have shown moderate diversification. Among horticulture crops, Fruits, plantation crops and spices have exhibited high diversification, whereas high and moderate diversification have been recorded for vegetables during the period under study.The states Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh,Bihar,Gujrat, Kerala, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Meghalaya,Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland, Rajasthan, Odisha, Sikkim, Tripura, Telangana, Tamil Nadu,Uttar Pradesh have shown high diversification whereas Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Uttarakhand have displayed moderate diversification in the year 2020-21. Per capita income, annual rainfall, and lagged SID for total horticulture crops all have positive effects on horticulture diversification, whereas fertilizer consumption has a negative effect.


Horticulture diversification; Simpson indices; High value crops; Per capita income

Full Text:



Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (2020). Agricultural Statistics at a Glance, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi.

Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (2018). Horticulture Statistics at a Glance, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi.

Ghosh, M., Sarkar, D., & Roy, B. C. (Ed.) (2014). Diversification of Agriculture in Eastern India. Springer.

Hassan, B., Bhattacharjee, M., & Wani, S. A. (2021). Horticulture Diversification Key to Development Role of Small and Marginal Farmers. Economic & Political Weekly, 56(36), 53-59.

Hassan, B., Bhattacharjee, M., & Wani, S. A. (2021). Impact of COVID-19 on Supply Chain of Major Horticultural Crops in Jammu and Kashmir, India. Agro Economist-An International journal, 8(01), 63-71.

Lone, R. A. (2013). Agricultural diversification towards high value commodities in South Asia. International Journal of Trade & Global Business Perspectives, 2(4), 688-694.

Ministry of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare, Annual Report 2020-21.

Mitra, A., & Panda, S. (2020). Horticulture and economic growth in India: An econometric analysis. Journal of Applied Horticulture, 22(3), 240-245.

Singh, R. (2015). An Analysis of Spatio-Temporal Changes in the pattern of Crop Diversification in Indian Agriculture. International Research Journal of Social Sciences, 4 (12), 15-20.

Tamburini, G., Bommarco, R., Wanger, T. C., Kremen, C., Van Der Heijden, M. G. A., Liebman, M., & Hallin, S. (2020). Agricultural diversification promotes multiple ecosystem services without compromising yield. Science Advances, 6(45), eaba1715.

Tiwari, A., Afroz, S. B., & Kumar, V. (2021). Market vulnerabilities and potential of horticulture crops in India: With special reference to top crops. Indian Journal of Agricultural Marketing, 35(3), 1-20.

Waha, K., Van Wijk, M. T., Fritz, S., See, L., Thornton, P. K., Wichern, J., & Herrero, M. (2018). Agricultural diversification as an important strategy for achieving food security in Africa. Global change biology, 24, 3390-3400.

Copyright (c) 2023 Anita Meena, Akshay Meena, Ajay Kumar Meena

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

International Research Journal of Business Studies has been covered by the following services:

Image result for university of Saskatchewan small logo