Guidelines for Authors

  1. Manuscripts should preferably be written in English.
  2. All manuscripts must be clearly typed with single spacing in A4 papers, (size 210 x 297 mm.).
  3. All manuscripts must include an abstract of approximately 100-150 words.
  4. The manuscript is to be arranged as follows (download and see in detail The Article Template):
    • TITLE,
    • NAME OF THE AUTHOR,
    • EMAIL ADDRESS,
    • ABSTRACT & KEYWORDS,
    • INTRODUCTION,
    • METHODS,
    • RESULTS AND DISCUSSION,
    • MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS,
    • CONCLUSION,
    • REFERENCES.

  5. Tables and Figures should be numbered separately and sequentially. Each Table and Figure should be given an informative title. Tables and Figures should be presented in the text. Tables should be arranged in the following format:
    • Tables should be submitted as data - .doc, .rtf, Excel, or PowerPoint file- Tables submitted as image data are not accepted, for they cannot be edited for publication
    • The first letter of each content word in the headings of the Tables should be capitalized typed with single line spacing. A brief Table Heading is preferred. Please do not present the headings in either bold or italic format.
  6. Signs such as ‘%’, ‘&’, etc. should not be used in the text. Instead, you are to use ‘percent’, ‘and' for these signs. Numbers in the text should be presented both in their mathematics forms. Numbers in decimals or in fractions are appropriate to appear in their original form as noted here: 22.3, 5.2, 8/10, and 3½.
  7. All manuscripts that are submitted to the journal are reviewed initially by the editors. If the article has a sufficient and appropriate research focus, it will then enter the review process. The journal has a a double-blind review policy.
  8. Editors will reject the article in the Preliminary Review stage and do not serve correspondence related to the article review process if they find the following:
    • The article does not conform to the IRJBS template and style,
    • The submitted article does not include a statement of originality of the work stated in the Copyright Transfer Agreement for Publishing (CTAP) Form (CTA must be uploaded as a supplementary file at the time of submitting the article),
    • Articles have similarities up to more than 20% based on Turnitin's Plagiarism Checker,
    • Articles are submitted to other journals in parallel or simultaneously.
  9. Manuscripts are critically evaluated by at least 2 reviewers. Acceptable manuscripts are usually returned to the author for consideration of comments and criticism.
  10. Every article that has been reviewed and accepted by the Editorial Board of IRJBS must undergo a final editing process (professional proofreading) by a native English speaker appointed by IRJBS.
  11. For this professional proofreading process, authors will be charged according to the terms set by the proofreader.

    The proofreading results must be submitted to IRJBS along with the latest article revisions. A Letter of Acceptance (LoA) will be issued to the authors after this proofreading process is completed, then the article is revised and resubmitted to IRJBS.

  12. The Author should provide data including work and research experiences, current affiliation, and educational background. The address, e-mail address, and telephone number of the author should be clearly indicated.
  13. Manuscript (soft copy) should be submitted to the OJS (Open Journal System) of IRJBS by the following steps:
    • Register and login as an Author and start a new submission, via this link  
      Note: there are 5 steps that must be followed.
    • If you are already registered on the IRJBS website, just log in with your account (as Author) and create New Submission for submitting your paper.
  14. Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published before, except in the form of an abstract or as a part of a published lecture, review, or thesis; that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that its publication has been approved by all the coauthors; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication the authors agree to automatic transfer of copyright to the publisher; and that the manuscript will not be published elsewhere in any language without the consent of the copyright 
    holders.
  15. IRJBS uses APA style as reference format writing. We also provide you reference format writing templates available in key reference management packages ENdNote (http://www.endnote.com/support/enstyles.asp). References should be published within the last 10 years. 

The style to be used is as follows:

Book with Single Author:
Gore, A. (2006). An inconvinient truth: The planetary emergency of global warming and what we can do about it. Emmaus, PA: Rodale. 
           In-text reference:  (Gore, 2006)

Book with Two Authors:
Michaels, P.J., & Balling, R.C., Jr. (2000). The satanic gases: Clearing the air about global warming. Washington, DC: Cato Institute. 
              In-text reference:  (Michaels & Balling, 2000)

Book with Editor as Author:
Galley. K. E. (Ed.). (2004). Global climate change and wildlife in North America. Bethesda, MD: Wildlife Society.
           In-text reference:  (Galley, 2004)

Brochure or Pamphlet:
New York State Departemen of Health. (2002). After a sexual assault. [Brochure]. Albany, NY: Author.
           In-text reference:  (New York, 2002)

An Anonymous Book:
Environmental resource handbook. (2001). Millerton, NY: Grey House.
           In-text reference:  (Environmental Resource Handbook, 2001)

Articles in Reference Books (unsigned and signed):
Greenhouse effect. (2005). American heritage science dictionary. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.
Schneider, S.H. (2000). Greenhouse effect. World book encyclopedia (Millenium ed. Vol. 8, pp. 3820382). Chicago, IL: World Book.
          In-text references:  (Greenhouse effect, 2005)
                                        (Schneider, 2000)
Magazine Articles:
Allen, L. (2004, August). Will Tuvalu dissappear beneath the sea? Global warming threatens to swamp a small island nation. Smithsonian, 35(5), 44-52.
Begley, S., & Murr, A. (2007, July 2). Which of these is not causing global warming? A sport utility vehicles; B. Rice fields; C. Increased solar output. Newsweek, 150(2), 48-50.
          In-text references:  (Allen, 2004)
                                        (Begley, 2007)

Newspaper Articles (unsigned and signed):
College officials agree to cut greenhouses gases. (2007, June 13). Albany Times Union, p. A4.
Landler, M. (2007, June 2). Bush's Greenhouse Gas Plan Throws Europe Off Guard. New York Times, p. A7.
           In-text references:  ("College Officials", 2007)
                                         (Landler, 2007)

Journal Article with Continous Paging:
Miller-Rushing, A.J., Primack, R. B., Primack, D.. & Mukunda, S. (2006). Photographs and herbarium specimen as tools to document phonological changes in response to global warming. American Journal of Botany, 93, 1667-1674.
           In-text reference:  (Miller-Rushing, Primack, Primack, & Mukunda, 2006)

Journal Article when each issue begins with p.1:
Bogdonoff, S., & Rubin, J. (2007). The regional greenhouse ga initiative: Taking action in Maine. Environment, 49(2), 9-16.
           In-text reference:  (Bogdonoff & Rubin, 2007)

Journal Article form a Library Subscription Service Database with a DOI (digital object identifier):
Mora, C., & Maya, M. F. (2006). Effect of the rate of temperature increase of the dynamic method on the heat tolerance of fishes. Journal of Thermal Biology, 31, 337-341.
            doi:10.101b/jtherbio.2006.01.005
            In-text reference:  (Mora & Maya, 2006)

Website:
United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2007, May 4). Climate Change. Retrieved From the Environmental Protection Agency website: http://www.epa.gov/climatechange
            In-text reference:  (United States Environmental, 2007)

Gelspan, R. (2007). The Heat Is Online. Lake Oswego, OR: Green House Netwrok. Retrieved from The Heat IS Online website: http://heatisonline.org 
            In-text reference:  (Geslpan, 2007)

Submission Preparation Checklist
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

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